Prices of DNA Paternity Tests

How much does it cost? Our prices for DNA paternity tests are as follows:

  • Personal knowledge test: 9800 baht

  • Legal chain of custody test: 16,400 baht

We have another page explaining the differences between a personal knowledge test vs. a legal chain of custody test

The above is the TOTAL cost, no surprises, for tests in our office in Bangkok. Alternatively, we can mail "personal knowledge test" kits by Thai Post EMS (Express Mail Service) to you and test for the same price, though "legal chain of custody" tests cannot be done by postal mail. We also do field collections where we can send a field agent to your location, for either "personal knowledge" or "legal chain of custody" tests, for example, in cases where it is not practical or convenient to bring everybody to our office in central Bangkok, such as a newborn baby, or some other reason. You may decide it may be better for us to send one of our agents into the field than your party of 3 to our office, whether you are in Bangkok or almost anywhere in Thailand.

There is no additional charge for sending a kit by Thai Post EMS.

There is no additional charge for sending an agent to most parts of Bangkok (central Bangkok, Bang Na, Bangkapi, some parts of Nonthaburi and Pathum Thani, etc.). However, there is normally a travel fee to other parts of Thailand, such as Pattaya, Hua Hin, Udon Thani, Buriram, Korat, Chiang Mai, Phuket, etc. We cover all of Thailand except some of the provinces bordering Malaysia due to the conflicts there.

See also our pages on mailed kits by Thai Post EMS and sending our DNA collection agent to your remote location.

However, for a Thai Post EMS self-sample kit, you can use only your first names (or a one word alias), not your full names, because we cannot verify your identity. If you want your full names on a report, then we must send an agent to your location to take the samples (our DNA collection agent being a neutral third party), identify you, and take photos, as discussed elsewhere.

For a Thai Post EMS kit, you first pay just 1000 baht in advance, which applies to the total cost, with the other 8800 baht paid after we receive your samples back and before the laboratory will start testing, so it is 1000 + 8800 = 9800 baht total.

Notably, we have had customers come to us who complained that another DNA testing agency was tricky with them about price. For example, one customer said they were told to send 4000 baht and they would mail a kit to them, then after they mailed it back in, they were told to pay a huge amount for the test, and that the 4000 baht was just to mail a kit.

We have also had customers come in who were told by another place that, for example, the cost was 9000 baht, so they went to the other place and after the staff took the samples for child, mother, and alleged father, they were asked for 27,000 baht, and that it was 9000 baht per person. (They said they got angry and left, and later came to us.)

We want to make very clear that 9800 baht is our total cost for a DNA personal knowledge test in our office or by mail, with no surprises later. We always discuss the TOTAL price up front, with no surprises later.

Even though some other people can practice bait-and-switch tactics to maximize the amount of business they get, and may try to stick you with a bill with surprising surcharges, we will not do so. Just because so many other companies do it in the business world does not mean it's right or OK. We don't copy many bad business practices which are common, routine, and often accepted shamelessly by some other business managers and staff in the world, and sometimes in Thailand, too. We would rather make less money but think and feel good about ourselves and everybody we deal with. We make enough money and don't need to get greedy. Everybody can choose what kind of life to live.

We are well aware that there are other places with stated prices MUCH higher than ours. Many people have called us and asked if our test is good because it's so cheap. Our test is not cheap, its price is just not as expensive as many others. We are aware that many people will simply go to another place and pay more because they think that the higher price is for a better test. Actually, I don't see how another place can offer a better quality test. Look at the long list of accreditations our laboratory has achieved, and compare that.

In the USA, there are many DNA laboratories which charge even less than we do, and the US is stricter in consumer protection laws. DNA testing technology has simply gotten less and less expensive over time. We use a very modern laboratory in the USA.

By comparison, DNA testing in Thailand is relatively very expensive if you look at the average prices being asked.

One reason we can offer a lower price is because our laboratory handles a very high volume of DNA cases, so the cost per case is less. For example, if Factory A sold only 100 vehicles per year, and had to pay for all of its factory expenses and overhead for that, then how could you compete with a Factory B with a mass production line selling 10,000's of vehicles per year? Obviously, Factory B can offer lower prices than Factory A and still be profitable. Our laboratory is one of the biggest in the world.

Another good analogy is a logistics operation -- if you buy a big truck with a 40 foot container in tow and ship goods from the port to upcountry, then if you fill your truck so that it's full, and have enough business that you can run it continuously, then you can charge your customers a lower price per box shipped. However, if your container is not full, or if your truck is idle a lot of the time, then your cost per package is higher, due to your overhead and costs being paid for by a smaller number of customers.

The economics of our laboratory were further improved by a major investment in automation. That investment was viable because of the high volume of cases which could justify the initial cost to develop such a highly automated laboratory. It also eliminated some potential causes of human error. This improves the long term economics, capacity, and reliability, but is viable only for a high volume laboratory.

A DNA laboratory is expensive to create and operate, so when we were one of the first private companies in Thailand to focus on DNA testing, we chose the best laboratory we could find, rather than buy and import all the equipment, then deal with the chemical supplies, all for a relatively small volume of customers. We chose the leading laboratory in the USA, and they approved us as a "Corporate Partner" in Thailand, listing us on their website for Thailand.

We have heard from customers that when they were shopping around, some other companies have said that our test is lower priced because it is lower quality, or that theirs was more expensive because it was higher quality, but those particular companies were being tricky and dishonest.

As shown on our home page, our laboratory has all these accreditations, international standard:

  • AABB : American Association of Blood Banks -- required by the US Embassy
  • NATA : National Association of Testing Authorities -- required by the Australian Embassy
  • Standards Council of Canada (SCC)
  • ASCLD/LAB-International : The American Society of Crime Laboratory Directors/Laboratory Accreditation Board - the most stringent accreditation program for forensic DNA laboratories
  • ISO 17025 (ANAB/ACLASS ISO/IEC): ISO for laboratories (any kind). Note: There is no ISO/IEC certification for DNA testing labs in particular, only ISO/IEC certification for laboratories. The above certifications, especially ASCLD/LAB-International, are much more stringent and detailed for DNA testing
  • ISO 9001
  • Clinical Laboratory Improvement Amendments (CLIA)
  • ... and more

    Our laboratory has stated it is the most accredited DNA testing laboratory in the world, by showing a long list of accreditations.

    Compare that with the list of accreditations of others.

    I am not claiming that our test is of higher quality than all others. I am just saying that the other particular companies who our customers mentioned should not be saying what they said.

    Our laboratory is well established, well tested, and very large.

    Our DNA test reports also SHOW how our probability of paternity is calculated. That is not easy, it requires scientific expertise and a large data set. We don't just quote a number, such as 99.99999%, we also show HOW we calculated that number, unlike some other providers who just say a % without showing how it was calculated (and some don't even state a number). Our laboratory has the expertise to do the calculation, and the data and confidence to show how it was calculated. We show a lot of detail on our DNA Test Reports.

    We were one of the first private DNA testing providers in Thailand, so we chose the best laboratory as our partner.

    Companies can pay for expensive flashy websites, say whatever they want, and charge whatever they want, but the bottom line is: Where is the evidence of any alleged higher quality, beyond their website and their talk?

    Notably, this is not directed at all other DNA testing providers. Many don't oversell, and I like some particular competitors. I have also been impressed with some Thai government officials inside a government laboratory involved in DNA testing, who are neutral, not promotional. Questions above are directed ONLY at certain other DNA service providers who we have heard about from customers, whereby the other provider told the customer that their service was more expensive because it's allegedly better quality. If their service is better quality, then they should explain how it is better quality.

    Indeed, customers have shown us reports from one particular place which charged a lot more, but I could see that their reports were deliberate fakes, not real. Further, our test got the opposite result, NOT the father, when we did a DNA test for one of the customers. This customer also got a DNA test from a third place, which issued a report having data completely consistent with our test report, and showing again that the other provider's report had wrong data. (I shall not name the other place here on the internet, and I'm not out to try to fight all the evil in this world. There's an awful lot of it, overwhelming. It's just a caution that slick scams exist in DNA testing, too. Buyer beware.)

    Enough about that. There's another section of our website on trust and fraud in DNA testing.

    About our pricing, the cost is for a child, an alleged father, and optionally a mother. The cost is the same whether or not we test the mother as a 3rd party. We do not charge anything extra for the mother's participation, in order to encourage mother participation. There is no discount for excluding the mother. (Including the mother also can show that the mother's DNA matches the child's, which might be of use in something official later, as well as checking to see whether there could have been a baby mix up at the hospital.) Mother participation is entirely your option. (It costs us a little bit more, but not a lot more, as much of our cost is overhead and salaries anyway, not just the laboratory costs per case processed, so we can simply offer to include the mother at no additional cost to you, and charge a standard fee per case.)

    If you have any questions about pricing, or anything else, please feel free to ask.

    Besides paternity tests, there are additional kinds of family relationship DNA tests which we do, such as:

    • grandparent / uncle / aunt (e.g., if the alleged father is deceased or unavailable)
    • half siblings or full siblings
    • mothers (maternity test)
    • ... others

    Again, we can show percent probability of the relationship, and show our calculation. You can ask competitors whether they can do that for non-paternity relationship testing.

    These options for other relationship testing are discussed in detail on our page on family relationship DNA testing.

    For the prices for any of these, please call us. There may be more than one option for testing, and we can recommend the best kind of test. For example, the type of test may be "Y-STR" (male Y chromosome), "mtDNA" (female mitochondria), or "avuncular" (sounds similar to av-uncle) (aunt or uncle relationship by statistical analysis), for example. Which test is best depends upon the situation. We normally put together a family tree of participants and can explain to you advantages and disadvantages of each optional test, including pricing.

    Sometimes we are asked to be the DNA collection agent for specimens from one or more individuals in Thailand, for example, for inheritance or other legal or personal matters overseas, for either a legal chain of custody test or a personal knowledge test. There is no one price which fits all, and we ask that you contact us to discuss your situation and requirements.

    Pricing exceptions:

    Some people simply don't have the cash for a DNA test. We understand this, and in special cases can do a payments plan or even a small discount, but there are no large discounts. Also, this does not mean we are negotiable with people who can afford to pay. Some examples:

    We received a phone call from a young Thai man. We noticed in the call log that he had called before, several months previous. He said he was ready to come in now for a DNA test with a very young child, allegedly his. When he came in, he started to pay with a pile of very small bank notes. He had been saving for this for months. We returned some of the money to him and did the test.

    Another man came in from another country with a toenail from his alleged son. He knew of no DNA testing facility in his country. Nails cost more to process, and he had only one. We still gave him a small discount, which meant a lot to him. After submitting samples, he went back home. His mobile phone was out of range of service much of the time, but we got the result to him.

    You can come to our office and talk about DNA with our scientist, or you can just call or Line chat or email us. On the other hand:

    An expat was out of a job, low on money, and needed to go home if the child was not his. He said he was staying only for the child, and needed to resolve the issue quickly. We did the test and I let him defer most of the payment. It turned out he was not the father, so last I heard he planned to depart right away and go home, and he dropped communication very shortly after he received the result. However, now, years later, he has never answered email and still not paid as agreed. One day, I did a quick investigation, found his exact previous rental location at the time in a small town along a highway, and found out from locals upcountry that he indeed departed saying he was going back to his home country, though I haven't bothered to try to investigate outside of Thailand yet.

    On the other hand, some poor Thai people have been very good at small monthly payments, very honorable. (Of course, this continued for months after we gave them the final test report.)

    At the invitation of the Thai government, we did a rock bottom pricing operation far upcountry near the Golden Triangle in a temporary location for a large number of cases scheduled for all at once, whereby the mother was non-Thai from Myanmar or Lao, and the alleged father was Thai, whereby if the father is the biological father of the child then the child can get Thai citizenship. Whether or not they had the money, we took their DNA samples, copied their IDs, and took their photos, while we were there, and were flexible. Some looked like hilltribe people. Two cases are remarkable. One child was a newborn baby in the hospital with a medical issue, and expenses adding up, but the government welfare scheme had a citizenship issue of the child for payments, and the big and very lovely upcountry family was also very poor, so we did a charity case to get a quick DNA result, and even gave them a little money right after taking the samples. On the other hand, we happened to notice that one inquiree who had turned up at our budget operation drove away in a luxury car, though I wouldn't fault them since maybe they just didn't know this was a special operation for the poor and it was just a good timing matter.

    We just ask that when it comes to pricing, people understand that we are running a business which must be sustainable, but we are not greedy. DNA testing should not just be a business to make money, it is also a service to people who need to make major decisions about lives, and to clear paternity issues, better sooner than later. When somebody is in a difficult financial situation, we may be able to help, but we do not want our generosity and caring to be taken advantage of.

    It is interesting to see the variety of people in this world, the good, the bad, and the ugly. It is a matter of scientific debate how much of one's personality is from DNA ("nature") vs. how much is based on how you were raised ("nurture"). We are mammals who have evolved a social conscience (well, many of us), but how high level one's social conscience is may depend on one's DNA, family & community upbringing, peer group, and ability to think independently and adapt to a diverse world. Human mental development is slow but highly adaptable. Some people still live by "the law of the jungle" (predator vs. prey, "financial class") whereas others are more adaptable to civilization's higher standards of morality ("ethical class").

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